yang-ok / villa
obviously in the search for a typology that allows for a higher density combined with a modern, »western-styled« appearance, the yang-ok was developped: whilst often keeping the privacy-granting enclosing walls known from the han-ok, the house turns from a modular wood & mud construction-system to an up to three-storied, flat-roofed reinforced concrete and brick structure. several single flights of integrated concrete stairs allow for an exclusively external access to all floors, often promenading the architecture via the plot-enclosing wall. the roof, sealed with green, sometimes blue, polymers, is used extensively for laundry-drying, storing, urban-farming etc. purposes. the façades are frequently decorated with glued-on glazed brick-faces. the typology could be found in situation-adapting variations, from stand-alone single-storied in highly rural settings to packed 2-3 storied in dense urban areas. this high horizontal density is obviously fostering for communal and social contact, identification and interaction between its inhabitants.
in urban situations, the typology of the yang-ok is highly endangered of being replaced by apat, appartment blocks that replace horizontal density with an even higher vertical density.